Danube/Vltava – Common Cultural Heritage

  • Wenceslas Square

    Today's Wenceslas Square has changed its name several times in its history. From the foundation of the New Town until 1848 it was called the Horse Market, the former Wenceslas statue, which was replaced by a large statue of Myslbek, which dominates the whole space to this day was removed and the name was changed to commemorate Saint Wenceslas. Wenceslas Square has been written many times in Czech history and has been rebuilt several times into the contemporary modern form. The last reconstruction happened at the end of the 19th century, when the building of the current National Museum was built in the style of Neo-Renaissance. On October 28, 1918, the writer Alois Jirásek and the priest Isodor Zahradník read the text of the declaration of Czechoslovakia in front of the statue of St. Wenceslas. Especially during World War II and during the Soviet occupation on August 21, 1968, the square experienced dramatic events because the Soviets started confusingly firing on the National museum building to “cover” themselves. Several Czechoslovak citizens were hit directly by Soviet bullets. January 16, 1969 near the statue of St. Wenceslas, Jan Palach burnt himself to protest against the Soviet occupation that struck society. Unfortunately, it was all in vain. In 1989 there were several demonstrations against the communist regime, which culminated in the events of November 1989.

  • Old Town Square

    The Old Town of Prague was already inhabited even before the first written reports appeared. Later on it was gradually growing and it took a position between Prague Castle and Vyšehrad, the two centres of power of the Premyslid noble house. Despite the fact the settlement on the right bank of the Vltava river had grown in the early Middle Ages, it was declared as a town during the reign of Wenceslas I in the 13th century. The Old Town Square as we know today was the dominant of the town. After the death of Charles IV. in 1371 the Old Town became the center of reform efforts and there was also the Bethlehem Chapel, where Master Jan Hus was a preacher. The strong influence of the Hussite movement in the Old Town remained until the 17th century and gradually disappeared after the defeat of the Estates' resistance in the Battle of White Mountain in 1620. What was the name of the Mayor of Kutná Hora, executed here on 21 June 1621? At the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648, when the Swedes invaded Prague, the Old Town walls were defended against them and the town was not looted. In 1915, a statue of Master Jan Hus commemorating the 500th anniversary of the burning of the reformer was built in the middle of the square.

     (Jan starší Šultys z Felsdorfu)

  • The Charles Bridge

    The settlement of the area of today's Prague had been situated on both banks of the Vltava since early times, and thus the connection between the two parts was very important. Who is represented by a statue of a saint where you can find the text in the photograph. The construction of the bridge started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV and finished at the beginning of the 15th century. The bridge replaced the old Judith Bridge built 1158–1172 that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. This new bridge was originally called Stone Bridge but it has been "Charles Bridge" since 1870. As the only means of crossing the river Vltava until 1841, Charles Bridge was the most important connection between Prague Castle and the city's Old Town and adjacent areas. Originally, it had no decoration, but at the end of the 17th century it was given the sculptural decoration that we cannot even imagine it now without. The statues of saints were built here by two most important Baroque sculptors Ferdinand Maxmilián Brokoff and Matthias Bernard Braun. In the Old Town there is an authentic portrait of the founder of the Charles IV Bridge.

  • Malostranské Square

    There is a square under the Prague Castle that was gradually formed and functioned as a market place of merchants, often from Italy and Germany. In the 13th century it turned into an independent municipality. Behind the Castle, there was established a new town complex called Hradčany, where craftsmen settled down under Charles IV. repairing the castle and building the cathedral of St. Vitus. Opposite the Lesser Town across the Vltava River, the Old Town of Prague gradually emerged, supplemented in the 14th century by the New Town of Prague, founded by Charles IV. As a result, Prague was larger than Paris in the mid-14th century. In the 17th century St. Nicholas temple was built and in the spirit of Baroque culture by the famous architect Kylián Ignác Dientzenhofer and it became a dominant feature of the place. The church belonged to the Jesuit Order and today it is considered one of the most important works of this architect. In the photo below the text there is a statue of a saint. Who is the third Saint from the right of this statue. Opposite the temple, the Holy Trinity Plague Column was built as a gratitude for the end of the Great Plague Epidemic of 1713. Jan Neruda grew up in the Lesser Town in the 19th century. From the Prague Castle across the Lesser Town to Prague Old Town there was formerly only one possible way and it was across Charles Bridge, which was for a long time the only stone bridge linking the two banks of Prague.

  • Prague Castle

    The history of the Prague Castle started at the end of the 9th century, when the first Premyslid Borivoj relocated his residence. Since then, the castle has been constantly rebuilt and refurbished and this process has not even ended up today. During the 10th century, two churches were built in the castle grounds. St. George and Rotunda of St. Vitus, founded by Prince Wenceslas, later patron of the Czech lands. After the founding of the bishopric, the church became a cathedral, rebuilt into a Romanesque basilica in the 11th century. The castle was originally from wood, but after 1130 it was rebuilt by the Bohemian princes into stone form.

    The first task is to find the place in the photo and sing there the favorite song about Hallstatt ?

    Since 1198, the castle became the capital of Czech kings. Then it burnt down several times and had to be costly repaired. The reconstruction was made mainly by Ottokar of Bohemia II, Charles IV, but also Vladislav Jagiellonian, who built a beautiful Vladislav’s Hall. Besides repairing the castle, Charles IV also began to build a large Gothic cathedral of Saint Vitus, that had not been completed until 1929. During the reign of the Habsburgs house it stopped to be a royal residence, but it never lost its importance within the Czech lands. When the Czechoslovak Republic was established in 1918, Prague Castle became the seat of the President of the Republic. That is why the Slovenian architect Jože Plečnik redesigned the presidential palace. From the frequently visited tourist sites of the castle we can mention the Golden Lane, which was formerly adjoined to the walls.


    U příležitosti 30 let od pádu železné opony a 15 let od vstupu České republiky do EU prezentovali naši žáci ve spolupráci s žáky Brucknergymnasia ve Welsu projekt Danube/Vltava - Common Cultural Heritage.

    Za skvělou reprezantaci děkujeme.

  • Na začátku března jsme v rámci projektu Erasmus+ „Danube/Vltava – Common Cultural Heritage“ hostili žáky z gymnázia v rakouském Welsu. Během pobytu jsme navštívili historické centrum našeho města, Hlubokou nad Vltavou a Český Krumlov. Soutěžili jsme o nejlepší kresbu, natáčeli videoreportáže a také se vzájemně učili český a německý jazyk. Další společná akce proběhne v červnu, tentokrát v Rakousku, kam vyjede celá kvarta.


    The aim of the project will be to catch a common European cultural heritage in the eyes of the pupils. Although the target areas are very close one from each other and although there is a lot of shared heritage between Austrian and Czech culture, pupils of the actual generation often are not aware of them. So the project aims to figure out these commonalities and to make pupils conscious that a peaceful cohabitation in a European context is only possible by understanding the specifics of the neighbours’ culture – including its similarities as well as the differences.

    The THREE MAIN TOPICS of the project can be resumed as follows: LANGUAGE – CULTURE & HISTORY – TECHNOLOGY.